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Indo-Chinese Tiger

Photo courtesy of Colin M L Burnett


Scientific name: Panthera tigris corbetti

Habitat: Remote forests in hilly and mountainous terrain, one of the major corridors of which lies along the borders between countries around the Himalayan mountain range.

Location: Widely dispersed population throughout seven countries: Thailand, China, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar (Burma), Vietnam and Bhutan (2010 discovery).

IUCN Listing: Endangered

Population: Around 1200-1800 individuals are estimated to remain worldwide but only around three hundred of these live in the wild.

Size: The Indo-Chinese tiger is smaller and darker than the Royal Bengal tiger. They can weigh between 110-190kg, with the males weighing around 50% more than the females.

Major Threats: All existing wild populations are under extreme risk as a result of poaching, prey depletion due to human hunting of deer and wild boar, habitat fragmentation and resultant in-breeding.

The Indo-Chinese tiger is also called Corbett’s tiger after the former tiger hunter turned naturalist Jim Corbett. Access to the areas where Indo-Chinese tigers live in the wild has long been restricted, and as a consequence accurate studies of these tigers and their numbers, by field biologists, have been limited. Therefore there is a very limited knowledge of the status of these tigers in the wild. It has been reported that, in Vietnam, almost 75% of the tigers killed provide stock for traditional Chinese medicines.

The greatest density of Indo-Chinese tigers is found in Thailand where around 100 individuals survive, other wild populations are restricted to 30 or fewer tigers in each group.

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Indo-Chinese Tiger