Malayan tiger numbers are low due to low prey base numbers, fragmented habitat and poaching. Their prey base includes deer, wild boar and sun bears. They only survive in areas away from humans and road developments. Almost 90% of their habitat is found in four Malaysian states: Pahang, Perak, Terengganu and Kelantan. Recent censuses have revealed a sharp decline in Malayan tiger numbers in the wild since 2010, with populations reportedly falling by 50% in six years.
There is little known about the biology of Malayan tigers. They were only identified as a separate sub-species from the Indo-Chinese tiger sub-species in 2004.
Scientific name: Panthera tigris jacksoni
Habitat: Sub-tropical and tropical Moist broadleaf forests, secondary vegetation and abandoned agricultural land.
Location: Sparsely dispersed population only found in the southern part of the Malay peninsula.
IUCN Listing: Critically Endangered
Population: Around 250 individuals are estimated (September 2014) as living in the wild.
Size: The Malayan tiger is smaller than the Indo-Chinese tiger but has a similar appearance; its size is more akin to that of the Sumatran tiger. They can weigh between 100-140kg.
Major Threats: Malayan tigers are threatened by human-wildlife conflict and loss of habitat as a result of forest conversion for agricultural and development purposes.