Malayan tiger numbers are low due to low prey base numbers, fragmented habitat & poaching. Their prey includes deer, wild boar & sun bears. They only survive in areas away from humans & road developments. Almost 90% of their habitat is found in four Malaysian states: Pahang, Perak, Terengganu & Kelantan. Recent censuses have revealed a sharp decline in Malayan tiger numbers in the wild since 2010, with populations reportedly falling by 50% in six years.
There is little known about the biology of Malayan tigers. They were only identified as a separate sub-species from the Indo-Chinese tiger sub-species in 2004.