Panthera tigris jacksoni
Sub-tropical and tropical Moist broadleaf forests, secondary vegetation and abandoned agricultural land.
Sparsely dispersed population only found in the southern part of the Malay peninsula.
Around 200 individuals are estimated (July 2019) as living in the wild.
The Malayan tiger is smaller than the Indo-Chinese tiger but has a similar appearance; its size is more akin to that of the Sumatran tiger. They can weigh between 100-140kg.
Malayan tigers are threatened by human-wildlife conflict and loss of habitat as a result of forest conversion for agricultural and development purposes.
Malayan tiger numbers are low due to low prey base numbers, fragmented habitat & poaching. Their prey includes deer, wild boar & sun bears. They only survive in areas away from humans & road developments. Almost 90% of their habitat is found in four Malaysian states: Pahang, Perak, Terengganu & Kelantan. Recent censuses have revealed a sharp decline in Malayan tiger numbers in the wild since 2010, with populations reportedly falling by 50% in six years.
There is little known about the biology of Malayan tigers. They were only identified as a separate sub-species from the Indo-Chinese tiger sub-species in 2004.